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Pratibha Ray: A Literary Luminary and Advocate for Social Change


Pratibha Ray, the esteemed Indian academic and author of Odia-language novels and stories, emerges as a beacon of literary brilliance. Born on January 21, 1944, in the remote village of Alabol, Odisha, she has left an indelible mark on Indian literature, earning national acclaim, including the prestigious Jnanpith Award in 2011 and the Padma Bhushan in 2022.

Early Life and Inspirations

Pratibha Ray embarked on her literary journey with a profound aspiration to shape a society founded on equality, love, peace, and integration. Initiating her writing at the age of nine, she employed her words as a tool for advocating a just and harmonious society, free from the shackles of class, caste, religion, or gender bias. Rejecting labels like communist or feminist, she identifies as a humanist, steadfast in her belief in the inherent equality of all human beings and the unique strengths that women bring to society.

Education and Academic Contributions

Driven by her intellectual pursuits, Pratibha Ray entered the academic realm. Her career in education spanned roles as a school teacher and professor at various government colleges in Odisha for thirty years. Beyond teaching, she actively guided doctoral research and published numerous research articles. Her commitment to education extended to her role as a Member of the Public Service Commission of Odisha. Her dedication to fostering knowledge and growth has left an indelible mark on the academic landscape of Odisha.

Advocacy and Social Reforms

Pratibha Ray’s contributions extend beyond literature to active participation in the fight against social injustices. Notably, she bravely protested against caste and religion-based discrimination by high priests of the Jagannath Temple in Puri. Her subsequent article, “The Colour of Religion is Black,” led to a defamation case filed by the temple priests. Her unwavering commitment to justice exemplifies her dedication to social reform.


Complementing her literary and academic pursuits, Pratibha Ray has been actively involved in humanitarian efforts. In the aftermath of the Odisha Super Cyclone in 1999, she played a crucial role in relief work, focusing on rehabilitating orphans and widows in cyclone-affected areas. Her philanthropic endeavours underscore her deep concern for the welfare of the vulnerable in her community.

Literary Legacy

Pratibha Ray’s literary repertoire spans novels and short stories that resonate with readers. Her debut novel, “Barsha Basanta Baishakha” (1974), set the stage for her prolific career. Novels such as “Aranya,” “Yajnaseni,” “Mahamoha,” and “Maharani Putra” delve into the intricacies of the human experience and societal complexities. “Yajnaseni” received critical acclaim, earning the prestigious Moortidevi Award in 1991 and the Sarala Award in 1990.

Her short story collections, including “Ullaghna” and “Sashthasati,” have garnered praise, with some stories adapted into films. Pratibha Ray’s literary contributions extend to travelogues, essays, and scholarly articles.

Recognition and Honours

Pratibha Ray’s literary achievements have earned her numerous awards, including the Odisha Sahitya Academi Award, the Sahitya Akademi Award, and the Padma Shri in 2007. Her pinnacle moment arrived with the Jnanpith Award in 2011, a testament to her significant contribution to literature. In 2022, she was honoured with the Padma Bhushan, India’s third-highest civilian award, recognising her outstanding contributions to literature and education.


Pratibha Ray’s life and work underscore the transformative power of literature as a catalyst for social justice and reform. Her advocacy for equality, humanism, and societal harmony transcends her writing, manifesting in her active engagement with social issues and support for the marginalised. Pratibha Ray’s literary brilliance and unwavering commitment to social change establish her as an iconic figure in Indian literature, inspiring aspiring writers and advocates of positive transformation.



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