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Irom Chanu Sharmila: The Steadfast Advocate for Justice in Manipur


Irom Chanu Sharmila, affectionately known as the “Iron Lady of Manipur,” has left an indelible mark on India’s civil rights movement. Born on March 14, 1972, in the northeastern state of Manipur, Sharmila’s life story is a testament to unyielding determination, resilience, and an unwavering commitment to justice and human rights. Referred to as “Mengoubi,” meaning “the fair one,” Sharmila’s journey showcases the power of nonviolent protest and the enduring spirit of the human soul.

A Call for Justice: The Commencement of the Hunger Strike

November 5, 2000, marked a pivotal moment in Sharmila’s life, prompting her to embark on a hunger strike in response to the controversial Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 (AFSPA). This law granted extensive powers to the Indian armed forces in maintaining order in seven states, including Manipur. Sharmila’s hunger strike was not a mere protest; it was a relentless, nonviolent battle to have the AFSPA repealed. Arrested and charged with “attempt to commit suicide,” she faced nasogastric intubation to receive nourishment while in judicial custody.

The Endurance of a Heroine

Despite arrests and releases, Sharmila’s determination remained unshaken. Her prolonged fast extended into a decade, then another. Supporters, including Nobel laureate Shirin Ebadi, rallied behind her cause. Sharmila became an icon of public resistance, earning accolades such as the 2007 Gwangju Prize for Human Rights. The Save Sharmila Solidarity Campaign (SSSC) and a scholarship program in her name at Pune University highlighted her journey and struggle.

Sharmila’s self-imposed isolation during the fast reflected her dedication. She met her mother once, vowing to break her fast by eating rice from her mother’s hand when AFSPA was repealed.

The Dawn of a New Era: Conclusion of the Fast

On July 26, 2016, after an astounding 16 years of hunger strike, Sharmila announced the end of her fast on August 9, 2016. Expressing her intention to enter politics, her goal was clear: to continue the fight for AFSPA repeal from within the political arena. Amnesty International declared her a Prisoner of Conscience, emphasising her peaceful expression of beliefs.

Sharmila entered politics by launching the “Peoples’ Resurgence and Justice Alliance” and contested the Manipur Legislative Assembly election. Though her political journey faced challenges, her struggle remains a symbol of peaceful resistance and a resolute call for justice.

A Heroine’s Legacy

Irom Chanu Sharmila’s story is not merely about personal endurance but a saga of hope, resilience, and determination. Her nonviolent protest shed light on the challenges faced by Manipur’s people and other AFSPA-enforced regions. Transitioning from a hunger striker to a political aspirant, Sharmila exemplifies an enduring commitment to justice and belief in the power of peaceful resistance.

Sharmila’s legacy is a reminder that one person’s unwavering determination can be a catalyst for change in the face of daunting challenges. The “Iron Lady of Manipur” has left an indelible mark on India’s civil rights history, inspiring generations to come.



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