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Sri Mulyani Indrawati: Economist and Steadfast Leader


Born on August 26, 1962, Sri Mulyani Indrawati has carved an indelible mark in the realm of Indonesian economics, navigating an illustrious career that spans academia, politics, and international finance. From her early roots in academia to her impactful role on the global stage, Mulyani has emerged as a prominent figure in the field, contributing significantly to her home country and beyond.

Early Life and Education

Hailing from Tanjung Karang, now Bandar Lampung, Sumatra, Mulyani stems from an academic lineage, with parents who were university lecturers. Her educational journey commenced at the University of Indonesia, culminating in her degree in 1986. Propelled by an unwavering commitment to learning, she pursued a master’s and a doctorate in economics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Mulyani’s scholarly pursuits extended to her roles as a consultant with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and a visiting professor at the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies at Georgia State University. Additionally, she served as an executive director on the board of the International Monetary Fund from 2002 to 2004, representing 12 economies in Southeast Asia.

Mulyani is married to economist Tonny Sumartono, and together, they share three children. Her professional acclaim rests solely on her professional expertise, devoid of any political affiliations.

A Remarkable Career in Finance

Assuming the role of Indonesian Finance Minister in 2005 under President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Mulyani orchestrated swift and impactful reforms, purging corrupt elements within the tax and customs offices. Her resolute stance against corruption garnered her a reputation for integrity. Under her stewardship, Indonesia experienced a substantial surge in foreign direct investment, earning her the title of Finance Minister of the Year by Euromoney magazine in 2006.

The following year, Indonesia achieved a remarkable 6.6% economic growth rate, a testament to Mulyani’s adept financial management. In 2008, amidst global economic challenges, the nation sustained a robust 6% growth rate. Elevated to the position of Coordinating Minister for the Economy in 2008, Mulyani continued to shape Indonesia’s financial landscape, boasting record-high foreign exchange reserves and a substantial reduction in public debt.

Mulyani’s exceptional leadership was acknowledged globally, earning her the title of Asia’s Finance Minister of The Year in 2007 and 2008 by Emerging Markets newspaper.

Return to Politics and Global Recognition

Reappointed as Finance Minister in 2009, Mulyani spearheaded initiatives that significantly expanded Indonesia’s taxpayer base and increased tax receipts. In 2020, she garnered attention for issuing a 50-year tenor global bond series, a historic financial endeavour.

In 2021, Mulyani assumed a new role as one of the Vice Heads of the National Research and Innovation Agency Steering Committee, showcasing her enduring commitment to shaping Indonesia’s future. Currently representing the Ministry of Finance in the World Bank Group’s Identification for Development (ID4D) High-Level Advisory Council, she continues to contribute to global economic discourse.

Challenges and Controversies

Mulyani’s path to success has not been devoid of challenges and controversies. The revelation of Australian intelligence hacking into her mobile phone in 2009 led to diplomatic tensions. Additionally, her transition from Indonesian politics to the World Bank in 2010 stirred both financial turmoil and political pressures at home.

The Bank Century scandal in 2008 added complexity to her career, with accusations and political pressures tarnishing her reputation during a challenging period.


Sri Mulyani Indrawati’s journey reflects a relentless dedication to financial reforms, corruption eradication, and the advancement of Indonesia’s economic landscape. Despite navigating through numerous challenges and controversies, she remains a revered figure, both in Indonesia and on the global stage. Her legacy as an economist and leader continues to inspire those committed to effecting positive changes in the realms of finance and governance.



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