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Mayawati: The Advocate of Dalit Empowerment


Mayawati, formally known as Kumari Mayawati, is a prominent Indian politician renowned for her substantial contribution to the empowerment of Dalits and other marginalised communities. Born on January 15, 1956, in Delhi, India, she has carved a significant and influential niche in Indian politics. This article delves into her early life, political journey, accomplishments, and the profound impact she has had on India’s socio-political landscape.

Early Life and Education

Mayawati emerged from a humble family background. Her father, Prabhu Das, served as a post office clerk, while her mother, Ram Rati, dedicated her time to homemaking. Experiencing the challenges and discrimination inherent in many Dalit families, Mayawati’s early life instilled in her a fervent commitment to address social injustices.

She pursued a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from Kalindi College, University of Delhi, followed by a Bachelor of Laws degree from the Campus Law Centre, Delhi University. This strong academic foundation would prove instrumental in shaping her political career.

Entry into Politics

Mayawati’s political journey commenced in the 1970s when she joined the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), founded by Kanshi Ram. The BSP aimed to empower the Bahujan Samaj, a collective term for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Classes (OBC) in India. Rapidly ascending through the party ranks, her dedication and unwavering commitment to Dalit empowerment set her apart.

Leadership of the Bahujan Samaj Party

In 1995, Mayawati made history by becoming the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, India’s most populous state. This marked a groundbreaking moment as she became the first Dalit woman to hold such a high office. Her tenure focused on social justice, affirmative action for Dalits, and the promotion of educational and economic opportunities for marginalised communities.

Subsequently, Mayawati served multiple terms as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, consistently working towards the upliftment of Dalits and other marginalised groups. Her administration was characterised by the construction of numerous statues and memorials dedicated to figures like B.R. Ambedkar, serving as symbols of Dalit pride.

Criticism and Controversies

While Mayawati’s impact on the Dalit community is undeniable, criticism arose due to lavish spending on statues and memorials during her tenure as Chief Minister. Critics argued that these funds could have been better allocated to development and poverty alleviation programs. Additionally, allegations of corruption and nepotism occasionally marred her political image.

National Influence

Mayawati’s influence transcends Uttar Pradesh, as the BSP contested elections in other states and formed alliances with various regional and national parties. Her Dalit-focused agenda has had a lasting impact on Indian politics, prompting other parties to engage with marginalised communities.


Mayawati’s journey from a Dalit family in Delhi to a prominent political leader and the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh exemplifies her unwavering commitment to the upliftment of Dalits and other marginalised communities. Her impact on Indian politics, particularly in the realm of social justice and empowerment, remains substantial.

Despite facing criticisms and controversies, Mayawati stands as a symbol of hope for historically marginalised communities, inspiring others to pursue meaningful change through political means.



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