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Arundhati Roy: A Literary Luminary and Advocate for Social Justice


Arundhati Roy, born on November 24, 1961, in Shillong, India, is a multifaceted figure revered by both literature enthusiasts and social activists. Recognised for her outstanding literary talent and unyielding commitment to social justice and human rights, Roy gained international acclaim with her debut novel, “The God of Small Things,” which secured the prestigious Booker Prize in 1997. Beyond her eloquent writing, she has emerged as a prominent figure in contemporary literature and a passionate advocate for global causes.

Early Years and Academic Pursuits

Growing up in a household that valued social justice and education, Arundhati Roy experienced a diverse upbringing. Her father, Rajib Roy, was a tea planter, while her mother, Mary Roy, was a women’s rights activist and schoolteacher. Arundhati pursued her education in architecture at the Delhi School of Architecture and the National Institute of Design in Ahmedabad. Her training in design and architecture instilled in her a keen eye for detail and aesthetic sensibilities, qualities evident in her later writing.

“The God of Small Things”: A Debut Masterpiece

Published in 1997, “The God of Small Things” stands as Arundhati Roy’s debut novel, a poignant exploration of family dynamics, love, caste discrimination, and the tumultuous societal and political landscape of Kerala, India. The semi-autobiographical narrative skillfully intertwines the tales of twin siblings, Estha and Rahel. The novel received global acclaim for its lyrical prose, vivid characters, and evocative storytelling, earning Roy the distinction of being the first Indian woman to win the Man Booker Prize.

Activism and Advocacy

Arundhati Roy seamlessly blended her literary success with a steadfast commitment to addressing pressing social and political issues. Fearless and unapologetic, she emerged as a staunch advocate for justice, human rights, and environmental causes. Her notable contributions include:

  • Opposition to globalisation: Critiquing the adverse effects of globalisation, Roy highlighted issues such as economic inequality and environmental degradation.
  • Anti-War Activism: A vocal critic of the Iraq War, Roy vehemently opposed U.S. foreign policies, advocating for peace and justice.
  • Advocacy for Kashmir: Roy passionately championed the cause of Kashmiris, emphasising their struggles for self-determination and human rights.
  • Environmental Concerns: Consistently raising awareness about environmental issues, including deforestation, climate change, and corporate exploitation of natural resources.
  • Social Justice: Roy’s writings and speeches spotlight caste discrimination, poverty, and inequality in India, addressing crucial societal challenges.

Awards and Recognition

Arundhati Roy’s contributions have garnered numerous awards and honours, including the Sydney Peace Prize in 2004 and the Norman Mailer Prize for Distinguished Writing in 2011. Her work, translated into numerous languages, solidifies her position as a global literary icon.


Arundhati Roy’s life and career exemplify the transformative power of the written word and its potential to impact society. Her debut novel, a literary masterpiece, and her unwavering activism underscore the influence of literature as a force for change. Roy’s legacy serves as a testament to the idea that literature can be a powerful voice for the marginalised and a catalyst for social transformation.



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